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Updated: July 11, 2017
Violin-playing physicist
Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein delivering his Nobel Lecture to the Nordic Assembly of Naturalists in Gothenburg, Sweden, [#OnThisDay 11 July 1923]

Einstein was awarded the 1921 #NobelPrize in Physics for his many contributions to theoretical physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect. The photoelectric effect is very important for our daily life. It is the basis for photosynthesis, which is like a very effective solar cell where sunlight is absorbed by plants to make them grow. The effect also forms the basis for a variety of devices such as photodiodes, which are used in light detection within fibre optics, telecommunications networks, solar cells, imaging and many other applications.

Einstein's Nobel Lecture: Fundamental ideas and problems of the theory of relativity [pdf]

Photographer: Anders Wilhelm Karnell. Source: Gothenburg Library Archive, Public domain via Wikimedia Commons

Twenty-six year old Albert Einstein: 112 years ago [#OnThisDay 30 June 1905] Albert Einstein finished his famous article "On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies," where he formulated the two postulates of special relativity. The article traces the way Einstein formulated the relation between energy and mass in his work from 1905 to 1955.

The Postulates of Special Relativity:
1. The Principle of Relativity
The laws of physics are the same in all inertial frames of reference.

2. The Constancy of Speed of Light in Vacuum
The speed of light in vacuum has the same value c in all inertial frames of reference.

The speed of light in vacuum c (299792458 m/s) is so enormous that we do not notice a delay between the transmission and reception of electromagnetic waves under normal circumstances. The speed of light in vacuum is actually the only speed that is absolute and the same for all observers as was stated in the second postulate.

Albert Einstein Nobel Prize
Photo: Einstein in 1904 or 1905
(Wikimedia Commons)
AE AE
Einstein
Einstein was an inveterate concert-goer. He attended the famous debut of Yehudi Menuhin with the Berlin Philharmonic under Bruno Walter, in which the 13-year-old Menuhin was soloist in a programme of the Bach, Beethoven and Brahms concertos that would be nowadays inconceivable. Einstein was so moved by Menuhin's playing that he rushed into the boy's room after the performance and took him in his arms, exclaiming "Now I know that there is a God in heaven!" He once said that had he not been a physicist, he would have been a musician: "I often think about music. I daydream about music. I see my life in the form of music."

The other side of the coin is violinists who have been interested in physics. In the modern age, the well known American violinist, Joshua Bell, has a great interest in physics and has collaborated with physicists and engineers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in a project to enhance and expand the violin electronically. There is indeed a curious though tenuous link between Bell and Einstein. The great virtuoso Bronislav Huberman was a friend of Einstein, and visited him at his home in Princeton, no doubt together with his great Stradivarius violin, known as the "Gibson" Strad, made in 1713 during the "golden period" of his work. One day, the Strad was stolen from Huberman's dressing room at Carnegie Hall in New York. It disappeared and was lost for more than 50 years, during which time the thief played it around the backstreet bars of New York City until he died. In 2001, Bell acquired the "Gibson" for almost $4 million and now uses it as his sole concert instrument.

Given their friendship and mutual interest, it seems likely that Huberman would have allowed Einstein to play this marvellous instrument, providing a link between Bell and Einstein through this great masterpiece of the violin-maker's art.
Source.
AE
Einstein Einstein on a bicycle


Einstein was awarded the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics for his many contributions to theoretical physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect. The photoelectric effect is very important for our daily life. It is the basis for photosynthesis, which is like a very effective solar cell where sunlight is absorbed by plants to make them grow. The effect also forms the basis for a variety of devices such as photodiodes, which are used in light detection within fibre optics, telecommunications networks, solar cells, imaging and many other applications.
Source: Nobelprize.org.

Albert Einstein
The Albert Einstein - Toscha Seidel String Quartet. Quartet seated: Arthur Giskin, Toscha Seidel, Albert Einstein, Bernard Ocko. Standing: Mrs Seidel, Elsa Einstein and Emil Hilb. At Einstein's home in Princeton, New Jersey
Albert Einstein
From left to right: Nobel Laureates Walther Nernst, Albert Einstein, Max Planck, Robert A. Millikan and Max von Laue at a dinner given by Professor von Laue in Berlin, 11 November 1931.
Source: Nationaal Archief
Photographer unknown
Public domain via Wikimedia Commons


Einstein group of scientists

The fifth Solvay International Conference on Electrons and Photons, was held in October 1927. Prominent physicists from all the world met to discuss the newly formulated quantum theory. 17 of the 29 participants were or became Nobel Laureates.

• Back row, left to right: Auguste Piccard, Émile Henriot, Paul Ehrenfest, Édouard Herzen, Théophile de Donder, Erwin Schrödinger, Jules-Émile Verschaffelt, Wolfgang Pauli, Werner Heisenberg, Ralph Howard Fowler, Léon Brillouin.
• Middle row, left to right: Peter Debye, Martin Knudsen, William Lawrence Bragg, Hendrik Anthony Kramers, Paul Dirac, Arthur Compton, Louis de Broglie, Max Born, Niels Bohr.
• Front row, left to right: Irving Langmuir, Max Planck, Marie Sklodowska Curie, Hendrik Lorentz, Albert Einstein, Paul Langevin, Charles-Eugène Guye, Charles Thomson Rees Wilson, Owen Willans Richardson.

Photo: Benjamin Couprie, Institut International de Physique Solvay, Brussels, Belgium.
Public domain via Wikimedia Commons



Albert Einstein
Three Nobel Laureates in Physics standing in front of the Athenaeum at California Institute of Technology (Caltech), 1931. Front row from left: Albert A. Michelson, Albert Einstein and Robert A. Millikan.
Source: Smithsonian Institution Libraries
Photographer unknown
Public domain via Wikimedia Commons
Albert Einstein
Nobel Laureates in Physics Albert Einstein (left) and Niels Bohr (right) walking. Photo taken at the 1930 Solvay Conference in Brussels.
Source: Danish Film Institute
Photo: Paul Ehrenfest


Albert Einstein
Niels Bohr (left) and Albert Einstein (right). The picture was taken at
physicist Paul Ehrenfest's home in Leiden, December 11, 1925.
Source: Wikimedia Commons
Albert Einstein
Albert Einstein lecturing in Vienna, 1921.
Photo: Ferdinand Schmutzer
Public domain via Wikimedia Commons


Albert Einstein
Albert Einstein (left) and Hendrik A. Lorentz (right), outside the home of Paul Ehrenfest, Leiden, 1921.
Source: Museum Boerhaave, Leiden
Public domain via Wikimedia Commons
Albert Einstein
Albert Einstein visiting Amsterdam's experimental physicist Pieter Zeeman (left),
with his friend Paul Ehrenfest (right), ca 1920.
Public domain via Wikimedia Commons
Photographer unknown


Albert Einstein
Albert Einstein with his wife Elsa.
Source: Library of Congress, George Grantham Bain Collection
Photographer unknown
Albert Einstein
Albert Einstein in his office at the University of Berlin, 1920.
Source: "The Solar Eclipse of May 29, 1919, and the Einstein Effect, in The Scientific Monthly 10:4 (1920), 418-422, p. 418
Photographer unknown


Albert Einstein - Violin
On October 1st, 1940, Albert Einstein was sworn in
as a United States citizen in Trenton, New Jersey

Albert Einstein - Violin Albert Einstein - Violin Albert Einstein - Violin Albert Einstein - Violin Albert Einstein - Violin Albert Einstein - Violin Albert Einstein - Violin Albert Einstein - Violin Albert Einstein - Violin Albert Einstein - Violin Albert Einstein - Violin Albert Einstein - Violin Albert Einstein - Violin Albert Einstein - Violin Albert Einstein - Violin Albert Einstein - Violin
Einstein at the Grand Canyon
Einstein at the Grand Canyon


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