BestStudentViolins.com
Contact Us • Call: (806)589-8753 • VIOLINS: BudgetStudentStep-Up & Professional
Violin LessonsFiddle LessonsTheory Lessons
SALE Featured Pages
HomeCatalogLibraryAbout Us


Figured Bass

PDF Button

Western music (European music) is also called "triadic music" because the harmonic structure is based on chords, usually three-note chords. Three-note chords (the root, third and fifth of any key) are called triads. Add a minor third and you have a 7th chord. There are also 9th, 11th and 13th chords, particularly in jazz, but when we study music theory we start with triads and seventh chords.

Three note chords (triads) can have two inversions; four note chords (seventh chords) can have three inversions:
• If the the root of the chord is in the bass, you have a root position chord.
• If the third is the lowest note, you have a first inversion.
• If the fifth is in the bass, you have a second intersion.
• If the seventh is in the base, you have a third inversion.

Example (C Major - I chord):
Root Position, C in the bass - from the bottom up: C, E, G (E & G may be switched, as long as the lowest note is C). Written: I
First Inversion, the third of the chord, E, is in the bass - from the bottom up: E, G, C (G & C may be switched, as long as the lowest note is E). Written: I6
Second Inversion, the fifth of the chord, G, is in the bass - from the bottom up: G, C, E (C & E may be switched, as long as the lowest note is G). Written: I

The following represents the Root Position and First and Second Inversions of the I chord in C Major. These are labeled as: I, I6, and I .

triad and inversions


Example (C Major - V7 or "dominant seventh" chord):
Root Position, G in the bass - from the bottom up: G, B, D, F (B, D & F may be switched, as long as the lowest note is G). Written: V7
First Inversion, the third of the chord, B, is in the bass - from the bottom up: B, D, F, G (G, D & F may be switched, as long as the lowest note is B). [Note that the major second, F-G, written on either site of the note stem, is characteristic of the dominant seventh chord in its inversions.] Written: V
Second Inversion, the fifth of the chord, D, is in the bass - from the bottom up: D, F, G, B (F, G & B may be switched, as long as the lowest note is D). Written: V
Third Inversion, the seventh of the chord, F, is in the bass - from the bottom up: F, G, B, D (G, B & D may be switched, as long as the lowest note is F). Written: V


Seventh chords have an additional third at the top of the triad:



The root position and the three inversions of the seventh chord are designated as follows:





INVERSIONS

Triads
root position
blank or
1st Inversion
6 or
2nd Inversion



7th Chords
root position
7
1st Inversion
2nd Inversion
3rd Inversion



Something like the following graphic is presented at the beginning of nearly every theory book. This represents the character of triads built on each step of the major scale. Note that I, IV and V (the Tonic, Subdominant and Dominant) are major (and upper case), and ii, iii, and vi are minor (lower case). A triad built on the leading tone of the scale is a diminished triad, or the top three notes of the Dominant seventh chord (V7).

These are designated as follows:
I - Tonic
ii - Supertonic
iii - Mediant
IV - Subdominant
V - Dominant
vi - Submediant
vii° - Leading Tone




Payment options:
• Contact us & we will email you a PayPal invoice
• Order Online through PaySimple
• Order with Dwolla [812-301-5704]
Quick Links:
Free Newsletter
Contact
Facebook icon Follow Me on Twitter Follow Me on Pinterest

Copyright 2017 © SunMusic Strings